A scientific article authored by Assistant Professor Dr. Mehdi Abadi Manaa titled "Three-Dimensional Printing in the Medical Field" Date: 20/03/2024 | Views: 181

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3D printing, or additive manufacturing, is the process of constructing a three-dimensional object from a digital three-dimensional model. The term "3D printing" can refer to a variety of processes in which materials are deposited, bound, or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, layer by layer. This technology is characterized by its ability to manufacture objects from various materials, such as plastics, metals, and resins.

3D printing is considered a futuristic technology with many benefits. Its applications in various fields abound, including:

Medical Diagnosis and Printing: 3D printing can be utilized in medicine for disease diagnosis and printing of, for example, embryos to detect diseases and abnormalities at an early stage.

Robotics: In robotics, it is used to shape structures of robots and more.

Healthcare: 3D printing has surged in the healthcare sector in recent years, impacting areas from surgery and pharmaceuticals to dentistry and beyond. Applications include prosthetics and customized bone surgery, surgical tools, bioprinting for tissue engineering, dental crowns and bridges, hearing aids, wheelchairs, and assistive devices.

Educational and Surgical Planning Models: 3D printing is used to create complex anatomical models for educational and surgical planning purposes.

Moreover, surgeons have been inspired by 3D models to devise methods enabling the passage of needles or radiation beams through slices of diagnostic data produced by machines such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) scanners.

The development of prosthetic organs has also benefited from 3D printing, allowing for the creation of devices designed to mimic biological systems, such as electronic implants that perform the function of the semicircular canals of the ear, aiding in restoring balance to individuals suffering from vestibular labyrinth disorders. Additionally, scientists and researchers are working on the development of nerve fiber-containing interfaces and electrically conductive polymers, further advancing prosthetics technology.

Furthermore, 3D bioprinting has enabled the creation of living tissues interwoven with blood vessels, paving the way for the manufacture of human organs printed from the patient's own cells. This represents the ultimate goal of 3D bioprinting.

In conclusion, 3D printing has revolutionized the healthcare industry, offering unprecedented opportunities for innovation and advancement across various medical fields, from diagnosis to treatment and beyond.